Dementia 2019: Post-Test Welcome to your Dementia 2019: Posttest Day 2 Name Email Neuroplasticity in the brain involves which of the following mechanisms? A. Neurogenisis B. Synaptogenesis C. Dendritic sprouting D. B and C E. All of the above True or False. Computer based cognitive games have not shown beneficial effects. A. True B. False Which of the following is an example of the neuroplastic changes that are associated with the principle of specificity? A. Cerebral angiogenesis with aerobic exercise B. Increased motor representation with strength training C. The more difficult the training the greater the plastic changes D. Synaptogenesis with aerobic exercise True or False: There is early evidence showing an inverse relationship between long term aerobic exercise and each of the following: cerebral beta-amyloid, tau, and memory impairment A. True B. False True or False. Existing treatments have significant efficacy at improving symptoms and address underlying diseases with Alzheimer’s Disease. A. True B. False What percentage of patients clinically diagnosed with probable AD during their lifetime did not have AD pathology at autopsy? A. 40% B. 33% C. 25% D. 75% Which of these is NOT a non-modifiable risk factor for cognitive decline? A. Age B. Apolipoprotein E genotype C. Food Allergies D. Genetic Influences E. Female Gender The higher the proportion of Monounsaturated Fatty Acids (MUFAs) in a diet, the lower the risk for: A. Anemia B. Coronary Heart Disease C. Kidney Stones D. Palantir Fasciitis What influences the human gut microbiome? A. Diet B. Smoking C. Medications D. Stress E. All of the above True or False. The traditional western diet leads shifts the gut microbiome to an increase in Firmacutes species, which is overall anti-inflammatory. A. True B. False The most common cause of dementia in individuals under 65 years old is: A. Alzheimer’s disease B. Frontotemporal degeneration C. Alcohol misuse D. Lewy body disease Alzheimer, Lewy, and cerebrovascular diseases account for: A. More than 50% of late-onset dementias, but less than 50% of young-onset B. More than 50% of young-onset dementias, but less than 50% of late-onset C. More than 50% of both young-onset and late-onset dementias D. Less than 50% of dementia cases overall Which medication is approved in the United States for the treatment of a neuropsychiatric symptom of dementia? A. Citalopram B. Risperidone C. Pimavanserin D. Donepezil E. Lamotrigine What region of the brain is most likely to be affected early in the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia? A. Left frontal pole B. Right orbitomedial C. Right parietotemporal junction D. Left amygdala E. Left insula What percentage of people would want to know if they have a dementing disorder? A. About 20% B. About 40% C. About 80% D. About 100% In individuals seeking evaluation, what are the effects of a diagnosis of dementia on depression and anxiety levels? A. Both depression and anxiety improve B. Depression improves but anxiety increases C. Depression worsens but anxiety lessens D. Both depression and anxiety worsen Time is Up!